The first quarter of the 18th century in America can be characterized as a time of conflict, with different European colonies—English, French, and Spanish—waging fierce and political battles against each other and the Native American inhabitants over new territories and colonization strategies. During the Upper Paleolithic period (ca. First European to explore the Atlantic coast of North America between South Carolina and Newfoundland, including New York Harbor and Narragansett Bay, in 1524. resolution of French and English wars in Europe with the 1713 Treaty of Utrech and the 1748 Treaty of Aix-le-Chappelle failed to reconcile which nation would control the lands west of the Allegheny Mountains in North America, but the 1763 Treaty of Paris ending the Seven Years War (French and Indian War) ended French efforts to occupy the Ohio River valley and the Upper Mississippi It will disappear and become known as the "Lost Colony." An Italian explorer in the service of France. DBQ: European Colonization of North America, to 1660 By 1660 multiple countries had established colonies in North America: including Spain, England, France, and the Dutch Republic. Your marker should have: • an appropriate title. When Christopher Columbus crossed the Atlantic Ocean from Spain in 1492, he hoped to reach eastern Asia. Portuguese, French, Spanish, British, and indigenous influence continues to shape the continents’ European Exploration and Early Settlement 1492-1700 The Struggle for Colonial Control of North America 1689-1763 Population and Diversity in America: the Colonial Period Detroit, which is the most populous city in the US state of Michigan, is among the oldest cities in North America. The source of those differences lay in England’s domestic problems. American History lessons about the European settlement of North America typically describe Jamestown and Plymouth as the most notable European settlements, but there were several other (and earlier) European settlements in North America by the French, Dutch and Spanish. European Explorers of North America. Since the voyages of Christopher Columbus, no region has been more profoundly shaped by colonialism than the Americas. He thought he had done so when he landed on an island in the Caribbean Sea. The Mississippi River is largely considered to be the most important waterway in terms of commercial transportation. Audrey Hepburn March 4, 2013 Mr. Miller AP U.S. History South vs. North 1800-1850 FRQ: In spite of sharing a country, the Northern and Southern areas of America had many differences and distinctions, which ended up dividing the nation. 1492 - Christopher Columbus makes his first voyage and discovers America. In the second half of the 18th century, the British had obtained control over the most territory on the American East Coast, but they had to … European Settlements in North and South America, 1682 ontréal' N eW Amsterda Jamestow NEW FRÀNCE Virgin. Within twenty years of that time, however, Spanish influence had gone into decline as a result of English expansion into present-day South Carolina and Georgia (see Chapter 4). North America has a number of significant rivers, some of which are used for shipping and others for hydroelectric power. In 1701 Carolina was divided into North and South Carolina. European Settlements in North and South America, 1682 English French Dutch Spanish N S W E 0 500 1,000 kilometers 0 Lambert Azimuthal Equal-Area Projection 500 1,000 miles USI_ISN_02_RN-1 European Settlements in North and South America, 1682 … 1609 - Henry Hudson explores the northeast coast and the … It is called the "Starving Time." Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in North America, was established during the reign of King James I of England. Spain dominated southwestern and southeastern North America until the late seventeenth century. Samuel Eliot Morison, The European Discovery of America: The Northern Voyages, a.d. 500-1600 (1971); John H. Parry, The Spanish Seaborne Empire … European Settlements in North and South America, 1682 50 UNCLAIMED 1.000 miles NE ENGLAND New rgini town St. ugusuna N THERLAN NEW Santa Fe. Early European possessions in what are now referred to as the North and South American continents included Spanish Florida, Spanish New Mexico, Spanish Mesoamerica, Spanish Caribbean, the English colonies of Virginia (with its North Atlantic offshoot, Bermuda) and New England, the French colonies of Acadia, Canada, and Haiti, the Swedish colony of New Sweden, and the Dutch New Netherland. Small European states settled their disputes on the vast American landscape, competing with each other and with the vibrant indigenous societies they encountered. While most of these countries had the same intentions for the new world, such as making large profit and establishing colonies, each country pursued this intention differently. 50,000-10,000 BC), humans migrated to Alaska via the Bering land bridge and colonized the Americas. 1527: Fishermen are using the harbor at St. John's, Newfoundland and other places on the coast. The map is color–coded to show the possessions of the British, French, Spanish, Dutch, Swedish, and Danish. French Exploration and Settlement. The first settlement in Georgia was … History of Precolonial Meso/South America Introduction Migration to the New World. In 1585, Raleigh sent colonists to the east coast of North America; Raleigh later named that area Virginia, in honour of Elizabeth, the Virgin Queen. To various degrees of success, four European nations participated in the colonisation of North America: Spain, France, Great Britain and Holland. Detroit, United States. The Congregational Church is the result of the Puritan enterprise in America. For information on the European settlement of the Americas, see Americas, ... allowing people to spread out across North America and down into South America. • a brief summary that clearly explains (1) how the settlement was established, South America vs. North America. 9 European nations claimed land: Norway, Denmark, Sweden, Germany, the Netherlands, France, Spain, Great Britain, and Russia all claimed land in North America. Overview When the London Company sent out its first expedition to begin colonizing Virginia on December 20, 1606, it was by no means the first European attempt to exploit North America. In the early 18th century the African slave population in North America increased rapidly. To learn more about early North American colonies, review the corresponding lesson on First European Settlements in North America. He was sailing to North America in search of a sea route to the Pacific. Image credit: Paul van Somer I/Public domain. European Settlements in North and South America, 1682 English French Dutch Spanish N S W E 0500 1,000 kilometers 0 Lambert Azimuthal Equal-Area Projection 500 1,000 miles USI_ISN_02_RN-1 European Settlements in North and South America, 1682 (B/W) Second Proof TCI19 09 Many historians believe the fault lines separating what later became the North and South in the United States originated in the profound differences between the Chesapeake and New England colonies. Map of A map of North America showing the European colonization in the region up to the year 1700. Raleigh led expeditions to both North America and South America; he was trying to found new settlements, find gold, and increase trade with the New World. 1565: The first permanent European settlement is founded by Spanish admiral and explorer Pedro Menendez de Aviles (1519–1574) at St. Augustine, Florida. In fact he had opened up to Europeans a new world with two continents—North America and South America—and many islands. The English Establish a Foothold at Jamestown, 1606-1610 Would-be colonists arrived in Chesapeake Bay from England in April 1607. The longest North American river is the Missouri, which forms in Montana and flows into the Mississippi River. 1607 - The Jamestown Settlement is established. 1585 - The Roanoke Colony is founded. 1535: Jacques Cartier reaches Quebec. Between 1497 and 1607, the rulers and leading citizens of European nations fought to establish their own empires in North America, as Spain had been doing for 100 years in South America. The city was established at the settlement of St. Lawrence Iroquoian at an old abandoned site known as Stadacona. Quebec is among North America's oldest European settlements. Early in 1682 La Salle and Tonty finally set out again for the Mississippi River. NEW SPAIN Mexico ATI-ANTIC OCEAN F ORI CUBA Sea 1 ooaw PACIFIC OCEAN French Dutch Spanish 11 NEW GRANADA 700w 1000 kilometers Identify at least four details about this map. USI_ISN_02_RN-1 European Settlements in North and South America, 1682 (B/W) Second Proof TCI19 09 On a separate sheet of paper, create a historical marker commemorating an early European settlement. Georgia was founded in 1732 when George II gave it a charter. Many tribes traded far and wide and had a vast knowledge of the continent's geography. 1578–1580: As part of his circumnavigation of the globe, English sea captain, privateer and trader of enslaved people Francis Drake (1540–1596) sails around South America and into San Francisco Bay. It was named after him. New Orle Gulf of Mexico uéb NEW N THERLAND oano e ATLANTIC ugustine Santo omingo Caribbean sea EW NADA 120%' PACIFIC OCEAN English French Dutch Spanish 120'W SPAIN 1.00 Lambert imuthal Equal-Ar miles Projection E uator 1526: Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón briefly establishes the failed settlement of San Miguel de Gualdape in South Carolina, the first site of enslavement of Africans in North America and of the first slave rebellion. Everywhere across European and Indigenous settlements in 17th- and 18th-century North America and the Caribbean, the law or legal practices shaped women’s status and conditioned their dependency, regardless of race, age, marital status, or place of birth. Native Americans have been living in and exploring the vast territory that makes up the present-day United States for tens of thousands of years. 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