It could devastate a fleet or a troop of soldiers. It was employed in naval battles to great effect as it could continue burning even under water. The invention of Greek Fire is credited to a Christian Greek named Kallinikos (aka Callinicus) who escaped to Constantinople from Muslim-held Syria in 668 CE. Eventually, the Byzantine Empire itself was lost. Greek Fire helped protect the besieged Byzantine Empire for many centuries. The naphtha increases the flammability of the Greek fire and may contribute to its auto-ignition on contact with water. A Secret Formula. Flammable liquids had been used in both Greek and Roman warfare but nothing had ever been devised that was quite as lethal as Greek Fire. Greek fire (also called Byzantine fire, wildfire and liquid fire, Greek Υγρό Πυρ, igró pyr) was a weapon used by the Byzantine Empire.It was invented by a Greek Syrian in about 673 AD. Its formula was a jealously guarded secret until the fall of the Empire in 1453. Shake/mix well, light, and catapult or trebuchet. Greek Fire Recipe: fine grained raw potassium (or lithium) metal powder suspended in oils (olive oil + lamp oil). Greek fire was a flaming liquid. 5:43. An alternate name for Greek fire was "Median fire", and the 6th-century historian Procopius, records that crude oil, which was called naphtha by the Persians, was known to the Greeks as "Median oil". This seems to corroborate the use of naphtha as a basic ingredient of Greek fire. Greek Fire: The Secret Weapon That Saved An Empire - Duration: 5:43. If I were to "modernize" Greek fire I'd substitute sodium metal for the lime … As the others have correctly told you, we don’t know exactly what Greek fire was. The most famous and strategically important use of Greek fire took place in 672AD. The sulfur and pitch make it burn hotter and stickier. What Was Greek Fire? With an initial burn to cause panic. History Uncovered Recommended for you. 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