I'll name it Seymour.) Once the colorful bracts fade and fall off the plant after the holidays, cut back the stems just below the flowers. Do not let it get so dry at any time that the stems shrivel. The poinsettia business is tough and the red plant is prone to disease and bug infestation. And how? Poinsettia Has a Colorful Legend . Poinsettias can grow into small, scraggly trees in their native environment, reaching 10 to 15 feet tall, but you can control their size by pinching them back. Tree form poinsettias need to be handled carefully during transport. Choose cultivars that have strong stems and large bracts. After watering, discard any water that fills the container’s saucer. As indoor plants, Poinsettias need exposure to the morning sun and shade during the hotter part of the day. Commercially grown poinsettias are often treated with growth depressant or dwarfing chemicals to obtain a compact plant, but plants grown on for a second year will revert to their taller, natural habitat; Propagation. Start pinching the growing tips in summer and stop about mid-August. There are more than 100 varieties that you can find throughout the world. The Paul Ecke Ranch in California grows over 70% of all Poinsettias purchased in the United States and about 50% of the world-wide sales of Poinsettias. Poinsettia Care. Cut it back to 4 inches, leaving one to three leaves on each stem, and begin fertilizing every two weeks. If you want to keep that poinsettia you bought this year over until next year here's what to do. They prefer to be kept on the cool side, 65°-70° during the day and 55°-60° at night. Can poinsettias grow outdoors? Production Light levels. Fertilization, irrigation and pruning are also essential for the growing success of your poinsettias. For such a schedule, continue normal watering of the soil until the first of April, and then allow it to dry gradually. It was in the USA that breeders developed the compact varieties that we see for sale today. They require the … Where do poinsettias come from? Over 34 million Poinsettias are sold each year, which is about 23% of all potted plants. This plant should not be fertilised while flowering. Poinsettias are shade lovers. Choose a pot at least 400 mm wide and deep. In the right climate and with the right planting location and care, these bright Christmas favorites can shoot up to 10-foot (3 m.) shrubs in rapid order. As of August 2012, the Ecke Ranch, which was family-owned and operated for nearly 100 years, announced that it had been acquired by the Dutch-based Agribio Group. After the holidays are over, they can be used as landscape plants. As flowering shrubs, poinsettias can reach a height of up to ten feet. Dip the cut end in powdered rooting hormones and place them firmly into a sterile potting substance, such as a mix of sand and perlite or pasteurized potting soil. “We have been growing Poinsettias since the 1990’s but the farm is over 100 years old,” said manager Gary Cover. These plants produce brightly colored bracts -- modified leaves -- that turn red, pink or white during the holiday season. Known as Christmas Stars, the Poinsettia is a staple Christmas plant for the home. Many of these varieties excrete a white and milky sap, which is toxic. They’re the top-selling potted flowering plant. Poinsettias can be re-flowered the following Christmas, but unless a year long schedule of care is observed, the results usually are not good. Yes. A holiday gift of a poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima) is almost a certainty. Advertisement. How to grow poinsettias in a pot. As poinsettias grow, and go through different developmental stages, their rate of nutrient uptake changes. However, well-grown tree poinsettias are spectacular and eye catching for consumers. Be sure to wear protective gloves when pruning, as the branches can ooze a white sap that may cause skin irritation. Growing poinsettia from seeds is not a gardening adventure most people even consider. For large size trees, be sure to use large pots to prevent tipping over. At the end of July, you should prune your plant again. Note: poinsettias prefer a more acidic media than many other flowering potted crops, care should be taken to keep pH within the preferred range. Park Greenhouse is a third generation family business and poinsettias make up a majority of their profit during the holiday season. How to Plant Poinsettias in a Warm Climate. Wild Poinsettias Can Grow 8 Feet Tall A diplomat, a scientist, and a farmer tamed the blazing red plant into a commercial juggernaut. More poinsettias grow in eight of the 17 greenhouses on their property, located on the east end of O’Neill along U.S. Highway 20. Fill chosen pot with quality potting mix, such as Yates Potting Mix with Dynamic Lifter. Poinsettias will not grow well in overly wet areas. While most people plant poinsettias outdoors, you can also grow them indoors, which is ideal for those who are living in cold climate. To grow poinsettias from cuttings, wait until early summer when new growth begins to happen. Near White Poinsettia. Poinsettias are often given as gifts in pots in late November and throughout December. What most consumers do not know is poinsettias have to be grown with a lot of love and attention or they won’t make it to your holiday festivities. With over 34 million poinsettia plants ($140M) sold each year¹, it’s rather heartbreaking to imagine how many of those potted flowers are tossed in the trash bin when the holidays are over.¹[2013 USDA Floriculture Statistics report]Because poinsettias are not frost hardy and do not tolerate temperatures below 50°F (10°C), our only option in a cold climate is to grow them indoors. Position in full sun to part shade that is sheltered from strong winds. Poinsettias HOLIDAY COLOR FOR THE HOME & GARDEN. This species grows wild in the mountains on the Pacific slope of Mexico, and despite many legends, no one is quite sure from which wild populations the cultivated varieties derive. How to Keep Poinsettias Growing To Next Christmas. If keeping the plant indoors, ensure that it placed in a position that receives at least 6 hours of indirect sunlight per day. They are native to Mexican forests. Poinsettias flood the market during the winter holidays, claiming the title of best-selling potted flowering plant. We are actively collecting material to see if recently-developed molecular methods can give the answer. They will lose leaves if they are exposed to temperatures below 50° or above 80°. Wild poinsettias occur from Mexico to Guatemala, growing on mid-elevation, Pacific-facing slopes. Just in time for Christmas! Poinsettias grow best kept at a temperature between 15-20C; How to water them: Get poinsettia watering right and you should avoid the dreaded early leaf drop. How to Grow Poinsettias in a Greenhouse. Maintain even temperatures around the poinsettias if you’re growing them indoors. The original Poinsettias were from Mexico, and they reached 2m plus in height. Under most Florida conditions a 30% level (compared to full sun production) is recommended, but this varies depending on the greenhouse used for production and the amount of light that passes through the covering. These plants create colorful holiday decorations for any home. In colder climates, Poinsettias are grown as indoor plants. Before you do so, you might want to repot it if it has outgrown the pot it came in. Wild poinsettia populations are highly fragmented, as their habitat is experiencing largely unregulated deforestation. Gardeners looking for a bright splash of color over the winter months often raise poinsettia plants (Euphorbia pulcherrima). The poinsettia is a beautiful plant associated with the winter holidays. If it’s your potted holiday plant that makes you ask about planting poinsettia outdoors, you have to start treating the plant well from the moment it arrives. Use clean scissors or gardening shears to cut stems that are at least three inches in length. Poinsettia: Expert tips on caring for your poinsettia plant and extending its lifespan. Outside, it will need to grow in a semi-shady location. And Poinsettias are actually a small tree, and can grow up to about 12 feet tall (imagine! Poinsettias are almost always found around Christmas time as fully grown potted plants to be given as gifts. Poinsettias are one the most difficult to reflower after the initial display when purchased. Only water Poinsettias when the soil feels dry to the touch and to avoid root rot, do not let the pot stand in water. Poinsettias can be propagated by softwood cuttings in May, making sure you wear gloves, as the milky sap can be an irritant. Poinsettias are relatively easy to keep alive during the short holiday season, but getting them to rebloom next year is a much bigger undertaking. Often seen as a disposable plant, they are hardy and can be encouraged to flower again and even grown on through winter. Poinsettias enjoy growing in a greenhouse where the humidity levels are higher. While we associate poinsettias with those darker nights with the heating turned up and the snuggly blankets out, you may be surprised to discover that they actually hail from Mexico and really don't like the cold. Now that's a plant I would buy for my house. Growing Requirements for Poinsettia Plants Poinsettias require medium to bright light, but never full sun. With careful monitoring of the growing medium electrical conductivity, a grower can identify the times when the plants are using more or less fertilizer, and adjust the feed levels accordingly. Cultivar Selection. One population in the Mexican state of Guerrero is much further inland, however, and is thought to be the ancestor of most cultivated populations. Color is initiated by exposing the plants to complete darkness for 12 hours a day, starting in October. If you’re growing poinsettias in containers outside the ground, do not let them sit in drainage water.